Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the percentage of the population represented by the elderly has grown from 4 percent to over 11 percent. The average age of the population is also increasing. Meeting the health care needs of this aging population presents challenges which require knowledge and understanding of the normal physiologic changes of aging.
This program will review age-related changes affecting two very important needs: maintaining adequate oxygenation, and fluid and electrolyte balance. The focus of this program is how these changes affect the delivery of nursing care.
To complete this course, you must do the following:Read the Overview and Course Objectives.Study the Terminology.Read the course material.Complete the Learning Activity.Complete the Post Test with a score of 80% or more.
The material is organized around the following categories:IntroductionOxygenationFluid and Electrolyte BalanceConclusion
The purpose of this program is to provide nurses an understanding of how to maintain adequate oxygenation and fluid and electrolyte balance in older patients.
After completing this course, the learner should be able to:Discuss the intervention necessary to reduce myocardial demand for oxygen.Describe the care needed for patients with vascular or venous congestion.Discuss the principles of treatment of the patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.LIst nine normal physiologic changes associated with aging that affect the renal system, including the lower urinary system.Discuss the treatment options available for the patient with incontinence.LIst four age-related changes in the gastrointestinal system that affect fluid and electrolyte balance.