Surgery imposes significant insults on the human body, and major body systems are affected by different aspects of the procedures. Surgical positioning, combined with the effects of anesthesia, can serve both as a stressor and as one of the measures that help to minimize stress when implemented properly and efficiently.
This program reviews the effects of positioning and anesthesia and explains specific types and techniques of surgical positioning.
To complete this course, you must do the following:Read the Overview and Course Objectives.Study the Terminology.Read the course material.Complete the Learning Activity.Complete the Post Test with a score of 80% or more.
The material is organized around the following categories:IntroductionPreparing for PositioningFundamental PositionsDorsal RecumbentModifications of the Dorsal Recumbent PositionThe Trendelenburg PositionThe Reverse Trendelenburg PositionThe Modified Fowler's PositionThe Lithotomy PositionThe Prone PositionThe Jackknife PositionThe Knee-chest PositionThe Lateral PositionThe Lateral Chest PositionThe Lateral Kidney PositionDocumentationConclusion
The purpose of this program is to provide nurses an understanding of surgical positioning and anesthesia
After completing this course, the learner should be able to:State the effects anesthesia has on the body systems.LIst the four goals of effective positioning, and the three basic positions.Describe how to achieve the positions and their variations, and the physiologic effects of the various positions.Discuss the considerations for positioning the head.Describe the technique for turning the patient from one position to another.Discuss the considerations when using body rolls or the laminectomy frame.