Accounting involves recording, summarizing, and presenting financial transactions. You need to analyze transactions before recording them in daily journals. Organizations use a variety of accounts, called general ledgers collectively, to record transactions in a number of business areas. A chart of accounts lists all these accounts in the general ledger. All individual accounts are then compiled, totaled and verified for correctness, and then presented as financial statements to the organization's internal and external users. As in most other things, timing is of prime importance in accounting, specifically in recording transactions. Most organizations record revenue or expense transactions when they actually take place – known as accrual accounting. Others do it when money actually changes hands – known as cash accounting.
This course teaches the essentials of the accounting cycle, chart of accounts, and accrual accounting method. It walks you through various stages in the accounting cycle, categories of accounts, and how they are organized in respective financial statements. Finally, it introduces the cash and accrual accounting methods and their differences with help of examples.Learning Objectives
- Sequence an example of using the accounting cycle
- Match the Balance Sheet and Income Statement to the Chart of Accounts categories to which they are linked
- Recognize examples of various categories of accounts
- Recognize examples of transactions that are ignored in cash-based accounting systems
- Identify key characteristics of cash and accrual accounting