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Course ID: 252695

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VMware: Datacenter Virtualization with vSphere 5 - Part 1 of 2

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One of the biggest developments in IT infrastructure management is the emergence of server virtualization. Virtualization is well suited for most business applications and is widely in use for all but the most demanding workloads. Virtualization brings many economic advantages. It allows an organization to run multiple operating systems, called virtual machines, simultaneously on a single physical machine. The ability to consolidate multiple machines allows the IT department to reduce its hardware and software costs, as well as significantly reducing its operational costs. Virtualization isn't limited to simply creating virtual machines. Other infrastructure components, such as networking and storage, can also be virtualized, hiding the complexities of the underlying networking and storage components from the virtual machines. Once virtualized, the physical resources such as processor power, network switches and SAN resources can be aggregated and combined together for use by virtual machines, resulting in better utilization of physical resources, load balancing, and fault tolerance/redundancy. vSphere 5 is a virtualization software suite that can create virtual counterparts which correspond to, or replace, the physical components of a datacenter. This course will discuss the physical and virtual relationships between components. VMware products, such as ESXi and vCenter Server are licensed differently depending on their implementation. Factors such as the size of your environment, the resource needs of VMs, and the vSphere features one wishes to utilize will determine license type, configuration, and costs. Many of these factors will determine the type or edition of vSphere licensing your purchase. Each edition provides a feature set as well as determines the amount of physical resources VMs will have available to them (RAM, CPU, etc) and this course reviews each of those factors.
  • identify the characteristics of vSphere computer virtualization
  • differentiate between the two types of hypervisors
  • recognize the benefits of virtual network infrastructure
  • identify the components that make up a virtual datacenter
  • identify the characteristics of the vSphere virtual datacenter
  • identify the characteristics of vCenter Server management features
  • match VMware vSphere management components to their functions
  • distinguish between the vSphere management interfaces
  • differentiate between features of the vSphere product editions
  • describe how vSphere licensing works
In the majority of today's information systems, the client-server architecture is king. Information systems used to exist in a flat, peer-to-peer model - user accounts were required on every system that resource access was needed, and significant administrative overhead was needed simply to make things work. Today, as the size of a virtual infrastructure grows, the ability to manage the infrastructure from a central location becomes increasingly significant. The client-server architecture has the ability to centralize management of resources and to provide end users and client systems with access to those resources in a simplified manner. vCenter Server is a Windows-based application that serves as a centralized management tool for ESXi hosts and their respective VMs. vCenter Server acts as a proxy that performs tasks on the individual ESXi hosts that have been added as members of a vCenter Server installation. This course will focus on the installation and configuration of vCenter Server.
  • identify vCenter Server system requirements
  • identify the benefits of using the vCenter Server Appliance
  • recognize how vCenter Server uses specific port numbers
  • recognize how to manage large numbers of ESXi accounts
  • recognize the most appropriate method to use when creating the vCenter Server database
  • recognize how to prepare to install SQL Server 2008 R2
  • describe the creation of a 64-bit ODBC connection
  • recognize how to prepare for a vCenter Server installation
  • identify vCenter installation components
  • describe a vCenter Server installation
vCenter Server provides a centralized management framework for VMware ESXi hosts, but it's vSphere Client where vSphere administrators will spend most of their time. vSphere Client is a Windows-based application that allows you to manage ESXi hosts, either directly, or through an instance of vCenter Server. vSphere Client provides a rich graphical user interface (GUI) for all day-to-day management tasks and for the advanced configuration of a virtual infrastructure. While you can connect vSphere Client either directly to an ESXi host or to an instance of vCenter Server, the full set of management capabilities is only available when connecting vSphere Client to vCenter Server. With the release of vSphere 5, VMware also adds a robust new vSphere Web Client. vSphere Web Client provides a dynamic, web-based user interface for managing a virtual infrastructure, and enables vSphere administrators to manage their infrastructure without ?rst needing to install the full vSphere Client on a system. However, vSphere Web Client in its current form only provides a subset of the functionality available to the "full" vSphere Client. This course describes the installation of vSphere Client as well as vSphere Web Client. The configuration options of vCenter Server will also be covered.
  • recognize how you can customize vSphere Client
  • recognize how to prepare to install vSphere Web Client
  • identify the features of vSphere Web Client
  • identify the differences between vSphere Client and vSphere Web Client
  • recognize how to configure vCenter Server
  • configure vCenter Server via vSphere Client
As of the 5.0 release, vSphere no longer includes ESX. In previous versions of vSphere, users had to choose between using ESX - with the full Linux-based Service Console - or ESXi. Now, with this release of vSphere, ESXi is the only form of the VMware hypervisor available. Even though users no longer need to choose between ESX and ESXi, they do need to choose which variant of ESXi they will use: ESXi Installable or ESXi Embedded. ESXi Installable is the traditional form of the vSphere hypervisor. ESXi Embedded refers to the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) installation of the vSphere hypervisor onto a persistent storage device inside qualified hardware. This is an exciting option that saves administrators the time of performing any type of installation. This course covers the available EXSi installation options, requirements, as well as the EXSi installation itself. Whether you are installing from a CD/DVD or performing an unattended installation of ESXi, once the installation is complete, there are several post-installation steps that may be necessary, depending on your specific configuration. This course reviews the post-installation steps required. vCenter Server provides a means for adding functionality to the core services of vCenter Server via plug-ins. As an administrator implements new products or functionality within vCenter, plug-ins are often installed to provide an interface and configuration components to vCenter Server for the new product or feature. Lastly this course describes the available plug-ins such as Update Manager, ESXi Dump Collector, Syslog Collector, Auto Deploy, and Authentication Proxy.
  • differentiate between ESXi installation options
  • recognize and fulfill ESXi hardware requirements
  • describe the steps for an interactive installation of ESXi
  • recognize how to configure ESXi via the DCUI
  • configure an ESXi server via the DCUI
  • recognize how to configure ESXi via vSphere Client
  • assign a static IP address to an ESXi host via vCenter Server
  • recognize how ESXi can be configured via vCenter Server
  • configure EXSi via vSphere Client
  • describe features of vCenter Server plug-ins
  • identify vCenter Server plug-in requirements
vCenter Server's configuration and management capabilities include features such as VM templates, VM customization, rapid provisioning and deployment of VMs, role-based access controls, and fine-grained resource allocation controls. However, vCenter Server also provides the tools for the more advanced features of vSphere such as vMotion, vSphere Distributed Resource Scheduler, vSphere High Availability, and vSphere Fault Tolerance. Prior to administration and management, however, one should first become familiar with the managed inventory provided by vCenter Server and its associated objects. This course reviews vCenter Server's datacenter items, inventory considerations, as well as inventory views and options.
  • recognize the purpose of the components of the vSphere Client interface
  • recognize the purpose of the components of the vSphere Web Client interface
  • identify vCenter Server datacenter requirements
  • recognize the purpose of vCenter Server datacenter items
  • describe vCenter Server datacenter items
  • identify the considerations for building a vCenter Server inventory
  • recognize the tasks you can perform in vCenter Hosts and Clusters view
  • recognize the tasks you can perform in vCenter Virtual Machine and Templates view
  • recognize the tasks you can perform in vCenter Datastores and Datastore Clusters view
  • recognize the tasks you can perform in vCenter Networking view
  • manage the most common vCenter inventory items
On a scale of 1 to 10 in importance, security should always rate close to a 10 in setting up and managing a vSphere environment. Even though VMware has increased the capabilities and features that come with it's products, these same products and features must ?t within the security policies applied to other servers. Most of the time, ESXi and vCenter Server ?t easily and nicely within those security policies, but sometimes the process is a bit of a challenge. Under Administration, vCenter Server has screens for managing roles, viewing and managing current sessions, licensing, viewing system logs, managing vCenter Server settings, and viewing the status of the vCenter Server services. This course examines the tools and techniques that will help you ensure your vSphere environment appropriately follows the security policies of your organization by discussing the administrative features of vCenter Server.
  • identify the characteristics of roles in vCenter Server
  • identify the ways in which you can customize roles in vCenter Server
  • recognize how to assign permissions to users and groups in vCenter Server
  • identify session tasks you can perform in vCenter Server
  • recognize ways in which the vCenter Server message of the day feature can be used
  • describe how vCenter Server licensing can be administered
  • add a vCenter Server license key
  • recognize how logs can be used in vCenter Server and DCUI
  • identify the steps to export system logs through vCenter Server
  • view and export system log files
  • recognize when to view the vCenter Service Status

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