Creating virtual machines is a core part of using VMware vSphere, and VMware has made the process as easy and straightforward as possible. There are many options available when creating a virtual machine and several factors such as your computing needs, implementation timeline, and complexity of the environment will determine which method is more appropriate.
This course covers the creation of virtual machines, the use of virtual machine templates, virtual machine clones, as well as virtual machine conversion.
- describe the characteristics of virtual machines
- identify the ways virtual machines are created
- mount an ISO image to a virtual machine
- identify the key tasks involved in creating a virtual machine through a Web Client
- use the vSphere Web Client to install VMware tools a virtual machine
- create a custom virtual machine and edit the settings
- describe the most efficient use of the VM Console
- distinguish between a virtual machine template and a clone
- recognize how to deploy a virtual machine from a template
- manage a VM inventory in a given scenario
- describe the considerations involved in cloning a VM
- describe the options available when converting virtual machines
- describe the P2V conversion process
- convert and clone virtual machines in a given scenario
Just as physical machines require hardware upgrades or changes, a VM might require virtual hardware upgrades or changes to meet changing performance demands. Once a VM has been created, the vSphere Client makes it easy to manage the VM. Virtual ?oppy images and CD/DVD drives can be mounted or unmounted as necessary. vSphere provides support for initiating an orderly shutdown of the guest OS in a VM, although this requires that VMware Tools be installed. VM snapshots allow you to take a point-in-time picture of a VM so that administrators can roll back changes if needed. vSphere also offers a number of features to make it easy to modify VMs after they have been created. Administrators can hot-add certain types of hardware, like virtual hard disks and network adapters, and some guest OSes also support hot-adding virtual CPUs or memory, although this feature must be enabled ?rst.
This course will review the various aspects of your virtual machine hardware configuration and the management of virtual machines. Virtual machine migration, otherwise known as vMotion, will be covered, as well as the different ways you can access your virtual machines and virtual machine snapshots.
- recognize vSphere hardware compatibility options
- recognize and fulfill the requirements for virtual machine hardware
- identify the ways in which you can configure virtual machine properties
- describe the vSphere resource allocation controls
- identify the considerations for allocating processors to virtual machines
- recognize how you can configure virtual memory
- differentiate between the types of virtual storage options available in vSphere 5
- identify the ways in which you can configure virtual machine startup and shutdown options
- recognize how to migrate a virtual machine through vMotion
- recognize what information is needed to migrate a virtual machine through vMotion
- migrate virtual machines with a vCenter Server environment in a given scenario
- recognize key concepts about VM snapshots
- manage snapshots within a virtualized environment
Virtual networking within ESXi is a key area for every vSphere administrator to understand. Designing and building virtual networks with ESXi and vCenter Server bears some similarities to designing and building physical networks, but there are enough significant differences that an overview of components and terminology is warranted. When you create virtual networks, you have two options available; you can choose a virtual standard switch or a virtual distributed switch.
This course de?nes the various components involved in a virtual network as well as the factors that affect the design of a virtual network. The course discusses the differences between a virtual standard switch and a virtual distributed switch as well as their features and the advantages of using one over the other.
- identify the factors that contribute to the design of a virtual network factors that contribute to the design of a virtual network
- create a standard virtual switch in vSphere Client
- recognize how port groups work in vSphere 5
- differentiate between virtualized network adapters in vSphere 5
- edit virtual switch settings to allow virtual machines to communicate across VLANs
- create a virtual switch that provides a virtual private network among virtual machines
- identify the new functionality that the distributed virtual switch adds to the vSphere 5 networking environment
As a vSphere administrator, there are various options available to you when configuring vSphere standard and distributed switches. There are also some additional features and functionalities when it comes to a vSphere standard switch versus a vSphere distributed switch. Once the switches are in place, there are various ways that you can manage your virtual network environment from within vSphere. There are many third-party utilities and appliances that allow you to add more functionality to your networking environment. Physical tools on the physical environment can be utilized as well. Make use of the best of both worlds in order to create a robust, secure networking environment.
This course explains the configuration steps of configuring a vSphere standard switch as well as a vSphere distributed switch. The various options that vSphere 5 provides in order to allow administrators to manage virtual networks is also covered.
- identify vSphere standard switch properties
- identify vSphere port group properties
- identify vSphere distributed switch features
- identify the key aspects of setting up an ESXi network
- perform a virtual machine migration
- identify the key aspects of creating a network resource pool
- recognize how to set up a port mirroring session
The storage infrastructure supporting VMware vSphere has always been a critical element of any virtual infrastructure, and good storage design is critical for anyone building a virtual datacenter. One of the most beneficial and in many cases, necessary, components of vSphere is the concept of shared storage. When multiple ESXi hosts are given access to common storage areas, advanced features such as vMotion and svMotion become possible. This course discusses various different storage concepts, including storage options, the sizing, backup and recovery as well storage tiers. Datastore clusters, snapshots, and thin provisioning are also covered.
- identify vSphere 5 storage considerations
- identify the considerations for choosing a RAID configuration
- identify LUN sizing considerations
- identify the considerations when planning shared storage around disaster recovery options
- differentiate between using VMFS datastores and Raw Device Mapping
- identify the features of datastore clusters
- determine the appropriate type of provision to use in a given scenario
After a shared storage platform is selected, vSphere needs a storage network configured. Design choices for shared resources such as networking and storage can sometimes make the difference between virtualization success and failure. This is especially true for storage because of its critical role. The network, whether Fibre Channel or Ethernet based, must be designed to meet availability and throughput requirements; vSphere 5 offers numerous storage choices and configuration options relative to previous versions of vSphere or to non-virtualized environments.
This course will concentrate on the configuration of supported shared storage solutions and technologies. It will cover the management aspects of datastores, storage profiles, performance and space considerations, as well as the various storage views available. Snapshot management and some additional considerations for future storage are also covered.
- add an iSCSI storage adaptor to a host in vSphere
- describe key aspects of configuring an iSCSI adapter
- describe how to add storage an ESXi host
- identify key aspects of configuring volume properties for a datastore
- identify the information needed to add an NFS datastore to an ESXi host
- identify the steps to create a storage DRS cluster
- recognize how datastore clusters can be configured
- identify common datastore file management tasks
- add a VMFS-5 iSCSI datastore
- add a local disk and format it as VMFS-5
- identify the key characteristics of VM storage profiles
- identify key aspects of using VM storage profiles
- identify the considerations for snapshot management
VMware vCenter Server provides several built-in options that allow you to manage your environment. Alarms can be created to notify when something goes wrong, scheduled tasks allow various tasks to be performed in an automated way, events allow the administrator to view what's happening in the vCenter Server environment, maps give a visual topology of what's happening, and the customization specifications manager allows quicker deployments in an automated way. This course concentrates on the tools used, and day-to-day management and maintenance of the vCenter Server.
- identify how alarms can be configured in vCenter Server
- recognize how to manage alarms in vCenter Server
- manage alarms in vCenter Server in a given scenario
- recognize when to use scheduled tasks in vCenter Server
- recognize how you can use the scheduled tasks feature in vCenter Server
- recognize when to view events in vCenter Server
- recognize how events in vCenter Server can be configured for export
- schedule tasks and view events in vCenter Server
- recognize when to view maps in vCenter Server
- identify the features of maps in vCenter Server
- view and export vCenter Server maps in a given scenario
- recognize when to use the Sysprep tool in vCenter Server
- identify the mandatory steps when customizing a guest operating system for vCenter Server